The Gilded Age, 1865-1893

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The Gilded Age was an era of American history that began after the Civil War in 1865 and ended with the stock market crash of 1893. It was marked by a rapid population boom, prosperity, and an increasing divide between the rich and poor. The term was coined by Mark Twain, who used it to refer to an era characterized by a glittering exterior that concealed a decadent, corrupt interior. It inspired a great deal of satire and other literature designed to condemn the perceived excesses of America's new elite. One example of this was Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, which condemned social divisions in America, holding them up for both scorn and ridicule

Two of the primary components of the Gilded Age were economic prosperity and population growth. National transportation and communication networks were established, allowing a new era of economic growth. It also achieved new levels of economic expansion surpassing every nation but Britain in per-capita income. However, the Gilded Age was also characterized by a great deal of strife. It saw a dramatic divergence of incomes, as a small class attained enormous wealth while many remained mired in poverty. This inequality combined with an unprecedented level of government corruption to create a highly divisive political climate. This era set the stage for modern America, allowing it to achieve industrialization and prosperity.



Primary Sources
• Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner. The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today. Gutenburg Project, 19 August 2006. http://infomotions.com/etexts/gutenberg/dirs/3/1/7/3178/3178.htm

Secondary Sources
• "Learn About the Gilded Age." Digital History, 2003. Digital History. February 3, 2011. http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/modules/gilded_age/index.cfm
• "Gilded Age." PBS, 1999. PBS American Experience. February 3, 2011. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/carnegie/gildedage.html

Tertiary Sources
"Gilded Age." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, 2011. Web. 03 Feb. 2011. **http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/233604/Gilded-Age**

Links
http://us.history.wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture04.html - Key Aspects of the Gilded Age
http://www.ushistory.org/us/36f.asp - American Politics during the Gilded Age
http://infomotions.com/etexts/gutenberg/dirs/3/1/7/3178/3178.htm - Mark Twain's The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today (summary: http://www.articlesbase.com/book-reviews-articles/a-review-of-the-gilded-age-a-tale-of-today-by-mark-twain-and-charles-dudley-1575110.html)
http://www.shmoop.com/gilded-age/statistics.html - Key Statistics of the Gilded Age

Modern Links
· The current stratification of wealth and income disparity found primarily in the United States, but also throughout the rest of the world
**http://www.economist.com/node/17959590?story_id=17959590&CFID=161422847&CFTOKEN=**



Review 1 By: Spencer and Brian

This page seems very well written and factually accurate, I made a few technical edits, but that was about it. I'm not entirely sure that I understand the connection to the Tea party, you could just write a sentence or two to make it more clear. I noticed one other thing, that might be okay or it might not, I'm not sure. When reading this page, I don't really feel like there is enough of a connection to english, I feel like I'm reading something made for social class, not english class, but that might just be me.

Review 2 By: Emma and Jake

This page is very historically accurate, and other than a bit of unnecessary repetition (economic prosperity, paragraph one and two), it is very informative. We would like to know more as to how it relates to the Tea Party, other than the fact that both events involved a movement in ideals. We like the historical aspect but think it lacks just a small amount of related topics.