external image thomashardy.jpg

An English novelist and poet in the Victorian age, Thomas Hardy (1840-1928) wrote many famous books, including Jude the Obscure and Tess of the d’Urbervilles. His works included references to the industrial changes happening to Victorian England and showed his negative opinion of human condition. After reading Darwin's The Origin of Species, he began to see the world as a cruel place; this belief strongly influenced his writing, as many of his characters met cruel, disastrous fates. Although his works were profitable, many were criticized as being “vulgar and pessimistic” (“Thomas Hardy Biography (Writer) – Infoplease.com”); in Return of the Native, Hardy demonstrates the pessimistic attitude of his novels when he says that one character “used to think of the heath alone as an uncongenial spot to be in; she felt it now of the whole world” (Hardy, Book 5, p. 267). Many believed his novels were unethical; Jude the Obscure focused on a character that had to choose between university and sex. After these criticisms, Thomas stopped writing novels and began to publish poetry, including The Dynasts and Moments of Vision. Because his novels had stanzas and meter, many consider Thomas Hardy to be a poet more than a writer.


Modern Connection to Thomas Hardy’s negative view on human condition: The Simpsons (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/index.html?curid=29838, links to political and religious satirizing in article)

Human Condition: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/human+condition

Tess of the d’Urbervilles: http://www.online-literature.com/hardy/tess_urbervilles/

Thomas Hardy poem “The Man He Killed”: http://www.online-literature.com/hardy/910/

The Victorian age: http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/ent/A0858005.html (mentions how lower-class living was hard and how economy/industry were becoming more important, both of which were themes in Hardy's writing)

Primary Source:
Hardy, Thomas. “FREE Return of the Native Book Notes Summary | Thomas Hardy | BookRags.com”. BookRags.com. BookRags, Inc, 3 Feb. 2011.<http://www.bookrags.com/notes/rn/quo.htm>

Secondary Source:
“Thomas Hardy Biography (Writer) – Infoplease.com”. infoplease. Pearson Education, Inc, 3 Feb. 2011. <http://www.infoplease.com/biography/var/thomashardy.html>

Tertiary Source:
“Thomas Hardy Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Thomas Hardy”. ENCYCLOPEDIA.com. HIGHBEAM™ Research, Inc, 2004. 3 Feb. 2011. <http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Thomas_Hardy.aspx>

Zahra and Emily: This is a very well written page. The modern connection is very insightful. Perhaps add his birth and death dates so that it puts into perspective his time. Also maybe add something about his personal life that influenced his writing.

Mat and Suhail: We are not excellent writers, so we may be incorrect about the following: you wrote: in Return of the Native, Thomas states that one character now has “live on as a painful object, isolated, and out of place. She had used to think of the heath alone as an uncongenial spot to be in; she felt it now of the whole world” (Hardy, Book 5, p. 267). The word 'has' implies possession, of which the quote is not. To my knowledge, "live (on as a painful object)" is a verb, isolated is not a quantity, and out of place is a description of the character. Aside from that, it is very well written, and covers the major facts well. Also, I believe that in MLA formatting you should list the actual URL of the site when citing a web page, this ensures the easy access of your sources to anyone reading your wiki.